Façade of a Residence (Haveli)

North India, Rajasthan

Mughal period (1526–1857), 18th century

Red sandstone carved in jali and half-jali techniques

144 × 336 × 18 in. (365.8 × 853.4 × 45.72)

Crow Museum of Asian Art of The University of Texas at Dallas, 1984.31

Piece Information:

The architecture of India’s Mughal period, when India was under Muslim imperial rule and patronage from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, is characterized by a complex synthesis of native Indian forms and iconography with Islamic-inspired geometric designs and natural motifs. This facade was most likely part of the upper floor of a haveli, a type of domestic building complex for residential use that typically had one or more open courtyards. These courtyards would typically enclose formal gardens, a favorite refuge for Muslim rulers and the general populace throughout the Mughal period and into the present. The surface adornment of this Mughal facade is magnificently rendered from stone-slab sets of jali (an openwork or lattice screen), as seen in the balcony railing, and half-jali (stone cut to two-thirds of the slab’s depth to reveal a relief of light and shadow), as seen in the main decorative blocks.  The slabs are further adorned with floral patterns and fluted modulations. The region of Rajasthan in northern India, in particular, the Jaipur area where this facade originated, is known for its extensive employment of reddish-gray sandstone.

 

UTD Location Information: The Engineering and Computer Science West (ECSW) Building is the newest jewel at The University of Texas at Dallas, a rapidly expanding institution which has pursued Tier One status in spite of being only 50 years old. The four-story building is housed at the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science and includes 200,000 square feet of research and teaching labs, faculty offices, student workspaces, a grab-and-go retail food outlet and a 300-seat auditorium.

Designed by faculty and staff, its all glass structure and visible piping and heating systems are meant to educate students. Passersby can watch research in energy, robotics and nanotechnologies and biotechnologies, and students work at all hours of the day in the building’s inviting study spaces.

Letter: W

Your next stop is the newest building on campus. You might find a few natural sciences classes here.